Chronology of Events
The history of the dirty bomb has yet to be written, because fortunately no one to date has ever deployed a conventional explosive laced with radioactive material. However, a slew of worrisome incidents in several countries involving loose or orphaned radioactive devices forms a chilling chronology and a stark reminder that a dirty bomb could explode tomorrow anywhere in the world. Terrorist groups are actively pursuing unsecured radiological material, and several of them may already possess dirty bomb capabilities. In this timeline, review the past 15 years hollister kleding of news making incidents involving unprotected radioactive materials worldwide, including many occurrences of accidental encounters that prove just how easy it is to acquire these dangerous substances.
Goiaina, Brazil scrap yard worker pries open a lead canister that was scavenged from an abandoned cancer treatment center and dumped at the yard five days earlier. Inside the canister the man is delighted to find a sparkling blue powder; he has no idea the powder is radioactive cesium. Curious residents living near the junkyard pass the canister from home to home for nearly a week. All told more than 200 people are exposed to the cesium. The incident radiation hollister utrecht adres disaster second only to Chernobyl in size and scope the deaths of four people, including a six year old girl who rubbed the powder over her body and hair so that she glowed. The radioactivity contaminates soil, businesses, and homes, 85 of which are leveled during the cleanup process.
Moscow, Russia the first ever attempt at radiological terror, a group of Chechen rebels contacts a Russian television station and boasts of its ability to construct a radioactive bomb. The rebels alert the press that they have buried a cache of radiological materials in Moscow’s Ismailovsky Park. Neither the Chechens who planted it there nor the original source of the cesium are ever identified.
Greensboro, North Carolina small tubes of cesium go missing from a locked safe in Moses Cone Memorial Hospital. Each only three quarters of an inch long by one eighth of an inch wide, the tubes were being stored for use in the treatment of cervical cancer. Though local, hollister us state, and federal officials scour the city using sophisticated radiation sensing equipment, the cesium is never recovered. After the loss, the hospital takes steps to better secure its nuclear assets.
Argun, Chechnya head of the Russian backed Chechen Security Service, Ibragim Khultygov, announces that a Security Service team has found a container filled with radioactive materials and attached to an explosive mine hidden near a railway line. They safely defuse the bomb but do not identify the radioactive substances involved. The location of the discovery a suburban area 10 miles east of the Chechen capital of Grozny, where a Chechen rebel group is known to operate an explosives workshop nuclear specialists to suspect Chechen rebels’ involvement in the incident. Shamil Basayev, the rebel leader who phoned in the dirty bomb threat in Moscow three years earlier, is the known chief of the explosives workshop near Argun.
Grozny, Chechnya thieves attempt to steal a container of radioactive materials from the Radon Special Combine chemical factory. Half an hour after being exposed to the container, one of the suspects dies and the other collapses, even though each held the container for only a few minutes while trying to carry it out of the factory. The surviving suspect is hospitalized in critical condition, but he recovers and is placed under arrest. Chechen officials do not discuss his case publicly, nor do they identify the type of radioactivity involved in the incident, saying only that the container held 200 grams of “radioactive elements.”
Kandalaksha, Russia people in Russia’s Murmansk region receive powerful doses of radioactivity and are hospitalized after plundering a nuclear powered lighthouse, one of 132 such lighthouses located along Russia’s northern coast. The scavengers say they were trying to extract lead from the lighthouse for sale as scrap metal and were unaware of its dangerous strontium power source. Inspectors later detect elevated radiation levels for hundreds of feet on the route along
which the two carried a leaking lead container before abandoning it. Though Russia’s Soviet era nuclear lighthouses were originally designed to withstand earthquakes and even planes crashing into them, after years of neglect these unguarded and uninspected structures are easily dismantled by thieves. government announces a plan to aid Russia in safely replacing the energy sources of all of its nuclear lighthouses.
Lja, Georgia woodcutters discover two heat emanating containers near their campsite in the remote Abkhazia region of the Caucasus. Hoping to use the containers as a heat source, the men drag them back to their tents. Within hours they become ill with nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, and leave the site to seek treatment at a local hospital. Later, the men develop severe radiation burns on their backs. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) dispatches a team to recover the containers, but severe weather prevents them for more than a month from reaching the campsite and securing the materials. When the IAEA team finally reaches the containers in February 2002, they discover that each one, previously used in Soviet era radiothermal generators, contains 40,000 curies of strontium, an amount of radiation equivalent to that released immediately after the accident at Chernobyl.
Chicago, Illinois Padilla, an American citizen and former Chicago gang member with known ties to Al Qaeda, is arrested in Chicago’s O’Hare airport on suspicion of planning to build and detonate a dirty bomb in an American city. carrying a suitcase packed with $10,000 in cash, was on a reconaissance mission for a future dirty bomb attack. Padilla is being held as an “enemy combatant” in a military brig and may be detained indefinitely.
Moscow, Russia head of Russia’s nuclear regulatory agency, Yuri Vishnyevsky, announces that small amounts few grams here and there weapons grade and reactor grade nuclear materials are missing from the country’s atomic facilities. Vishnyevsky does not provide details on when and how the materials disappeared, but he indicates that the material involved is uranium. According to experts, a few grams of weapons grade uranium would not be sufficient to make an effective nuclear bomb, but it could provide material adequate for a dirty bomb. Moreover, small amounts of reactor grade uranium can be enriched to weapons grade through a process that some rogue nations possess, including Iraq. With Russia’s nuclear security in severe decline due to financial troubles and disorganization, Vishnyevsky’s announcement underscores a major source of concern about unsecured radioactive materials in Russia.
Herat, Afghanistan on evidence uncovered in Herat, including detailed diagrams and documents stored on computers, British intelligence agents and weapons researchers conclude that Al Qaeda has succeeded in constructing a small dirty bomb, though the device has not been found. Officials do not know how much radiation the hollister us dirty bomb could spread, but they suspect that Afghanistan’s Taliban regime helped Al Qaeda build the device by providing radioactive sources from medical devices. Furthermore, Abu Zubaydah, the captured Al Qaeda lieutenant now in American custody, told interrogators that such a device existed. In Kabul, in April 2002, IAEA experts secured several powerful unguarded radiation sources, mainly cobalt, once used in medical and research applications.